Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Periodontal disease affects the gums, bone and supporting structures of the teeth and is a major causing factor of premature tooth loss. Both adults and children should be routinely checked for gum disease.

In its early stages gum disease is known as gingivitis, which may be characterised by red, swollen, itchy or bleeding gums. This can usually be treated by visiting your dentist or hygienist and improving your oral hygiene. Some factors that can contribute to gum disease include smoking, stress and dental neglect. In addition gum disease can be a contributing factor to other health issues you may have including; heart disease, stroke, diabetes. Pregnant women with gum disease may also be at risk of premature delivery.

If left untreated, gum disease can progress to a much more severe condition such as periodontitis which cannot be reversed. This is the primary cause of tooth loss among older adults.. Periodontitis is when the bacterial infection moves to the deeper supporting tissues on the teeth, periodontal tissues, this includes the bone. If the disease progresses then the bone which supports the teeth is lost. This then loosens the teeth and eventually can be lost.

Symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Permanent teeth that are loose or changing position
  • Constant bad taste in your mouth or bad breath
  • Puss between teeth and gums
  • Receding gum line
  • Red, puffy or swollen gums

If you are experience any of these symptoms or are concerned about your gums contact our team to arrange an appointment.